15 Types of Gold Prospecting Equipment for Serious Mining

By Daniel Bernzweig

Types of Gold Prospecting Equipment

As a gold prospector it is important to note that Modern gold prospecting equipment differs from what was available during the California Gold Rush in several ways. Modern gold panning equipment, pans typically have riffles or riffling boards, while the traditional Gold Rush equipment did not. Riffling boards are used to trap heavier nuggets in between them when panned in a gold pan. They are typically spaced much closer together in a gold pan, preventing lighter material from slipping through.

Modern Gold Prospecting Equipment also uses sluice boxes. With sluices, water is diverted into a long wooden trough with rifles built into the bottom inside the trough known as the "box." This allows only heavy pieces of ore or black sand to sink towards the end of the box. Any material left in the sluice box is transfered to a gold pan, then panned down until just gold is left.

A gold pan and sluice box are two items a miner would use today. Let's take an in-depth look at all types of gold prospecting equipment:

Gold Metal Detectors

Gold prospecting is a fun and exciting hobby that can also be a very profitable venture. There are many ways to find gold, but one of the most popular methods is using a metal detector.

Choosing the right metal detector for gold prospecting, there are a few things you need to consider. Detectors that are designed specifically for gold prospecting generally have more sensitivity than other types of detectors so that they can pick up even the smallest pieces of gold.

If you're searching for natural gold, the latest metal detectors for gold are exactly what the modern-day prospector needs. These models feature intricate circuitry and specialized search coils to find the tiniest gold nuggets in most situations.

Gold prospecting detectors are available in two varieties:

  • High-frequency VLF and
  • Pulse Induction designs.

VLF detectors are the most common type and are used for general prospecting. They transmit a low-frequency signal into the ground and then listen for the reflections that bounce back off of objects in the ground. This type of detector is suitable for finding larger pieces of gold, but it can also detect smaller pieces if they're close to the surface.

Pulse induction detectors work differently than VLF detectors. Instead of transmitting a signal, they send out a series of short pulses. These pulses are reflected off of objects in the ground, and then the detector listens for the echoes that return. This type of detector is better at detecting small gold nuggets, but it cannot pick up larger pieces as easily as VLF detectors.

There are also several different types of pulse induction detectors available today. A type of pulse transmitter sends out a single pulse, while another type sends out a series of pulses. You can choose a detector based on the type of gold you're looking for.

No matter what type of metal detector you use, always be careful when digging for gold. You never know what might be buried beneath the surface! Gold prospecting equipment can be affordable, and the hobby can be fun and exciting to undertake, but it's essential to take safety precautions when you're out in the field.

Gold Detector Search Coils

Search coils are an important part of any metal detector. They create a magnetic field that detects metal objects. There are several different types of search coils, including concentric coils, doubleD coils, spider coils, and butterfly coils.

  • Concentric coils are the most common type of coil. They have two or more wires in a spiral pattern, with the center wire being the primary coil and the outer wires serving as the secondary coil. This design helps the machine cancel out interference from surrounding objects.
  • A Double-D coil (sometimes called DD) is defined by the fact that it has two overlapping wire windings in the shape of two capital letter Ds. The advantages of the Double-D coil are that it is stable even in heavily mineralized ground conditions. It also has good depth and is incredibly sensitive. This type of coil has a very thorough search pattern that requires a minimum of overlap.
  • Spider coils are similar to concentric coils, but they have more wires in a radial pattern. This allows the machine to detect objects at greater depths than concentric coils.
  • Butterfly coils are also known as paddle coils. They have two flat plates that resemble a butterfly's wings. This design helps to increase the size of the detection area.

The design parameters of the coil (its internal wires, size, and shape) influence both the transmitted magnetic field and the signal received. Smaller coils create a more focused magnetic field that can be detected with greater precision.

When selecting a coil for your metal detector, it's important to consider the type of hunting you plan to do. If you're looking for a smaller gold recovery, a concentric or doubleD coil may be best. If you're searching for larger gold deposits, a butterfly coil may be a better option. No matter which coil you choose, make sure it's in good condition and properly aligned with your metal detector.

Gold Paydirt

The term paydirt was coined in the mid-1800s during the California Gold Rush era. Pay dirt referred to dirt that had enough ore within it to be worth extracting. The gold prospecting process is essentially the same today as it was during the Gold Rush. The first step is to find a likely spot to search, then use a top gold detector like the Garrett Axiom Gold Prospecting Metal Detector to locate a fine gold nugget.

Gold Paydirt is a kind of dirt that includes actual natural gold flakes and nuggets. This 100% natural gold-bearing material is perfect for beginners and experienced mining prospectors alike to practice gold panning. Each bag of paydirt contains a variety of different size gold nuggets, as well as smaller flakes and dust.

To use a gold paydirt with your panning equipment, the pan is filled with paydirt, and water is added until the dirt is covered. The prospector then swirls the pan around to dislodge the gold from the dirt. The gold will settle to the bottom of the pan, while the dirt and other materials will be washed away.

Gold Panning Equipment

Gold panning equipment is essential for anyone looking to pan for gold. Gold panning equipment includes a gold pan, gold panning kits, will include all items to be successful, such as pans, a suction bottle, mini tubes, a magnifier, tweezers, and a vial. A gold pan is a shallow dish with sloped sides used to separate gold from other materials. The vial is used for gold recovery once separated from the other materials.

Several different types of gold pans are available, including single and double-pan sets, dippers, and scoops. Choosing the right type of gold pan is important, depending on how often you plan to use it.

The most common type of gold panning equipment is a 14-inch plastic or metal pan. You can also find pans with sizes ranging from 8 to 24 inches. Some pans have a built-in ridged area on one side that helps separate larger gold nuggets from smaller flakes and dust.

Sluice Boxes

Sluice boxes are popular gold prospecting equipment and can be used to recover gold from rich deposits of alluvial material. Sluice boxes are basically long, narrow boxes with a riffled (ridged) bottom that helps to separate gold from other materials. The sluice box is filled with the alluvial material, and water is continuously pumped in at one end while the gold-bearing material is washed down the length of the box.

There are many different sluice boxes available, including wooden, plastic, and metal models, but most modern sluice boxes are made of aluminum. Purchasing a sluice box requires careful consideration of its size. Sluice boxes should be wide enough to accommodate the material you are working with, but not too wide that it becomes difficult to move or transport.

Sluice boxes are a form of mining in which riffles create regularly spaced slow spots. With the addition of miners moss, you can trap gold nuggets and particles as they flow through the sluice.

The Gold Cube is a power sluice that consists of stacking trays made with low-density polyethylene. The Gold Cube is designed to catch larger gold nuggets and works by using a water pump to send water through the trays. The water forces the gold towards the back of the tray, where it is collected in a tube.

Gold Dredges & Dredge Parts

A gold dredge is a placer mining equipment that extracts placer gold from sand, gravel, and mud using water and mechanical techniques. The first gold dredges were huge, multi-story machines built in the early 1900s. Gold dredges today are much smaller and range in size from small units that can be pulled by a person to large machines that require a crew of people to operate.

Gold dredges use a wide range of parts, including sluice boxes, riffles, hoses, nozzles, and pumps. A suction nozzle transforms the pressurized water discharged by the pump into a vacuum. Water and gravel are drawn in through a vacuum, which pushes the material through the hose. Dredges are primarily built around a sluice box.

The sluice box is a long, narrow box with riffles (small ridges) along the bottom. The rifles help to direct the flow of water and material through the box. The gold settles out of the water and is collected by the riffles of the sluice box.

Some of these machines also include a recovery system, which allows gold-bearing material to be separated from other materials. Gold is typically separated from other materials using a series of screens and magnets.

Gold dredges are an important part of the mining process. They allow miners to extract gold from areas that would otherwise be inaccessible. Dredges also allow miners to process a larger volume of material, which increases the chances of finding gold.

Before using a dredge, we suggest checking with the government agency or park service in charge of the area. Many times a permit system or rules of using a dredge will be in place.

Highbankers & Combos

A highbanker is a machine often called a power sluice and is a piece of gold prospecting equipment that employs a pump to mimic the natural flow by forcing water through a sluice box. Highbankers are usually used in conjunction with a dredge to help process material that would be too large for the highbanker alone. High banking and dredge combos are available in various sizes, making them a popular choice for both amateur and professional prospectors.

When shopping for a highbanker and dredge combo, there are several factors to consider. The first is the size of the machine. If you plan to use your combo primarily for recreational purposes, you may want to choose a smaller model. However, if you plan to use your combo as serious gold mining equipment, you'll need something that can handle larger volumes of material.

The type of power source is the next factor to consider. Some combos come with an onboard gas engine, while others require an external power source like an electric motor or gasoline engine.

Instead of being placed into a body of water like a sluice or dredge, water pumped from the stream is carried up to the highbanker by an engine with a water pump and some hoses.


A drywasher is a traditional piece of desert gold mining equipment. Drywashers, also known as waterless sluices, work by passing a stream of air through the material to be mined, while the gold particles fall through a series of screens and are caught.

The first dry washers used as gold mining equipment were developed in the early 1800s. These early machines were effortless, consisting of a wooden box with a fan attached to one end. The fan-created an air current that passed through the material to be mined. The heavier materials, such as gold, will stay at the bottom and be trapped by the riffles while the lighter materials, such as sand and silt, will flow up and over or be blown away when air is forced to stream up through the material as it flows down the sluice.

Drywashers have come a long way since their early mining days. Today's dry washers are made from lightweight materials like aluminum and plastic, making them easy to transport. They also feature built-in recovery systems that make it easier to capture the gold particles.

Rock Crushers

Rock crushers are machines that are used for crushing hard rocks into smaller pieces. These rocks may contain gold. There are several different types of rock crushers, and each one has its own unique features. Rock crushers use either a manual or motorized mechanism to do the crushing.

When gold mining, manual crushers are operated by hand, while motorized crushers use gasoline or electric power to drive the crushing plates.

Some rock crushers are designed specifically for gold prospecting, while others can be used for various purposes. The type of crusher that you choose will depend on the size of the rocks that you are trying to crush, as well as your own personal preferences.

If you're looking for a portable crusher that can be taken with you on your next gold prospecting expedition, then a lightweight aluminum or plastic crusher is the best option. These crushers are easy to transport and set up, and they're also very affordable.

If you're looking for a more powerful crusher, then consider opting for a gasoline-powered model. These models offer more crushing power than their electric counterparts, and they can also be used for crushing other materials such as concrete and asphalt.

The most common type of rock crusher is the jaw crusher. This type of crusher consists of two metal plates that come together to crush the rocks. The rocks are placed between the plates, and then the crusher is activated. The plates grind against each other, and the rocks are crushed in the process.

Jaw crushers are ideal for smaller rocks, while larger rocks need to be crushed by a gyratory crusher or a cone crusher. No matter which type of crusher you choose, it's important to make sure that you use the appropriate safety gear when operating it. Always wear goggles, a dust mask, and sturdy gloves to protect your eyes, lungs, and hands.

You should always place a rock crusher on a stable surface and keep your hands and fingers away from the moving parts when using one. Also, be sure to read the manufacturer's instructions carefully before use.

Rock Hammers & Picks

Rock hammers and picks are two of the most common tools used for gold mining. A rock hammer is a tool that is used to break rocks, while a pick is a tool that is used to remove rocks from the ground. 

Rock hammers come in a variety of different sizes, and they are usually made of steel or iron. They have a hammer on one end and a pick on the other end. Picks come in a variety of different shapes and sizes, but they all have one thing in common - they are used to remove rocks from the ground.

Rock hammers and picks are usually made of metal, and they come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Some rock hammers have a claw-like design, while others have a pointed end. Some utilize a high-powered magnet in order to help remove any metal from the rocks that are being crushed.

They are also used to clear away debris and to open up new areas for gold mining. Picks can be either straight or curved, and they range in size from small picks to large picks. Rock hammers and picks are often used together. A miner will use a rock hammer to break the rocks, and then he will use the pick to remove the rocks from the ground.

When prospecting for gold, it is important to use the right tools. Rock hammers and picks are two of the most important tools that you can use, and they can be used to extract gold from the ground.

Hand Tools & Accessories

Hand tools like shovels and serrated digging tools are an accessory that can also be helpful in removing rocks and debris from the work area. A good set of gloves is also essential, as is a hard hat to protect your head from falling debris.

Shovels are also helpful in moving earth and sand to expose gold deposits and other treasures. Gold prospecting supplies are essential when it comes to digging and staying safe while doing so. Serrated digging tools and sheaths can help you dig through tough earth and rocks to get to those gold deposits. They are also helpful in removing smaller rocks from the work area.

When it comes to finding gold, the right equipment can make all the difference. In addition to a metal detector, there are several prospecting tools and accessories that can help make the process easier, including:

  • Prospecting accessories like safety goggles
  • Processing equipment
  • Water
  • A backpack
  • Safety hats, and more.

Gold Concentrators

Gold concentrators are an important tool for those looking to extract gold from soil or other materials. These devices use a series of rotating drums to separate gold from other materials. By doing so, they help reduce the amount of time and effort needed to extract precious metals from ore.

Gold concentrators come in many different types, each with their own advantages and disadvantages. In order to choose the right one for your needs, it is important to understand how they work.

Centrifugal Concentrators

Centrifugal concentrators are among the most popular types of gold concentrators. Over the last century, gold centrifugal concentrators have evolved and allowed for the extraction of a greater proportion of fine gold recovery and other precious metals from black sands that used to fall into tailing pools. The technology is based on a spinning rotor that flings the heavier material (gold) outward while lighter material flows to the center.

Centrifugal concentrators come in a variety of sizes, with a capacity ranging from a few ounces per hour to several hundred pounds per hour. They can also be configured as either batch or continuous processors.

The biggest advantage of centrifugal concentrators is their high throughput rate and the ability to process a large volume of ore quickly. Centrifugal concentrators are also relatively easy to operate and maintain. However, they are not very selective and tend to reject a lot of valuable minerals along with the gold.


Scales are devices that are used to measure the weight of objects. There are two types of scales, digital and analog.

Digital scales use a microprocessor to convert the measured weight into a digital display. Analog scales use a spring and lever system to convert the measured weight into a mechanical reading.

Analog scales are more accurate than digital scales, but they are also more expensive. They are also less susceptible to environmental factors such as temperature and humidity.

Digital scales are more common than analog scales, and they are typically cheaper. However, they can be affected by environmental factors such as temperature and humidity.

The accuracy of a scale is determined by its resolution. A scale with a resolution of one gram has an accuracy of +/- one gram. A scale with a resolution of 0.1 ounces has an accuracy of +/- 0.1 ounces.

Some scales have a tare feature, which allows you to subtract the weight of the container from the weight of the contents. This is useful for measuring the weight of ingredients in a recipe.

Some scales also have a hold feature, which keeps the reading on the screen after you remove the object being weighed. This is helpful for recording measurements.

When choosing a scale, consider how often you will use it and what type of environment it will be used in. If you need a scale with high accuracy, then an analog scale is your best option. If you need a scale that is resistant to environmental factors, then choose a digital scale.

Engines & Pumps

When it comes to buying a high-pressure pump for gold dredging and high banking, there are a few factors that you need to take into account.

The first factor is the size of the pump. You need to choose a pump that is big enough to handle the volume of water that you will be moving. The second factor is the head of the pump. This is the maximum distance that the water can be pumped before it starts to lose pressure. The third factor is the inlet and outlet size of the pump. The inlet is the size of the hole on the top of the pump where the water enters, and the outlet is the size of the hole on the bottom where the water exits.

There are two types of pumps when it comes to gold prospecting:

  • High-pressure and
  • Semi-trash

High-Pressure pumps are the most common type of pump used in gold prospecting. They are made to handle large amounts of water and have a high head. The downside to these pumps is that they require more horsepower (HP) than a semi-trash pump.

Semi-Trash pumps are not as powerful as high-pressure pumps, but they are more affordable and can be used for smaller jobs. A lot of water can be handled by a semi trash pump with not too much PSI. The majority of 2" and 3" semi trash pumps have a pressure rating of 35 to 42 psi. Based on the pump, rocks, sand, and gravel up to 1/4" -1/2" may go through these.

When shopping for a gold prospecting pump, you will need to consider three factors: the size of the pump, the head of the pump, and the inlet/outlet size of the pump. The size of the pump is determined by how much water you want to move. The head of the pump is how high the water can be pumped from the source (usually a creek, river, or pond), and the inlet/outlet size is determined by the size of hoses you will be using.

Copyright 2022 Detector Electronics Corp.